Dedicated to providing a decent life for all citizens and residents, this section highlights the efforts and interests of the Kingdom in preserving the rights of people with disabilities, ensuring that they are able to lead dignified lives by enhancing the services provided to them.
This section emphasizes the legal framework related to the basic law of governance, protection from harm, social care, rehabilitation centers, health care and equality in education for people with disabilities. Additionally, it also highlights employment initiatives, mobility and transportation, facilities and parking, sign language support, housing and mobile services dedicated to people with disabilities, while also addressing their ability to participate in decision making processes and information about the King Salman Award for Disability Research.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's government is concerned with providing a decent life for all its citizens and residents, considering different groups' needs. People with disabilities are among the most important of these groups. Disability means any person who has a complete or partial deficiency in a stable manner. This deficiency can be in the physical, sensory, mental, communicative, educational, or psychological capabilities. It can reach an extent that reduces the possibility of meeting the normal needs compared to others without disabilities. A disability can be one or more of the following disabilities:
- Visual impairment
- Hearing impairment
- Mental disability
- Physical and motor impairment
- Learning difficulties
- Speech and speech disorders
- Behavioral and emotional disorders
- Double and multiple disabilities
- Other disabilities require special care.
The Kingdom has taken care of people with disabilities to ensure their access to their rights related to their disability. It enhances the services provided to them by providing the necessary prevention, care, and rehabilitation methods. It worked to build a prevention wall through a set of medical, psychological, social, educational, and informational measurements. These methods aimed to prevent, reduce, and detect early stages of disability to minimizing its effects.
The Kingdom ensured the comprehensive care services provided to everyone in need of care by virtue of the health status, degree of disability, and social status. The Kingdom contributed to facilitating medical, social, psychological, educational, and professional services to help people with disabilities achieve the maximum possible degree of functional effectiveness to comply with the normal environment and social life requirements. The aim is to develop abilities without depending on others to make them productive members of society.
The percentage of individuals with disabilities constitutes 7.1% of the total population of the Kingdom. According to the Statistics Authority, the number of people with disabilities is as follows:
- Hearing Impairment: . 289.355
- Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): 30.155
- Mobility Impairment: 833.136
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): 53.282
- Down Syndrome: 19.428
- Visual Impairment: 811.610
The Basic Law of Governance, which is the most important constitutional document in the Kingdom, stated in Article 26 that "the Kingdom shall protect human rights in accordance with Islamic law," which reinforces the concepts of justice, equality and prohibits discrimination on any basis, including disability. Among the most prominent organizations:
- Disabled care system.
- Organizing the Care Authority for People with Disabilities.
- The basic regulations of rehabilitation programs for persons with disabilities.
- The rules for proving health incapacity for work.
- The regulation of non-governmental disabled rehabilitation centers.
- The executive regulation for the protection of customer rights - civil aviation.
- The Saudi Building Code
The legal frame of rights for people with disabilities includes what is regulated in the relevant regulations that take into account the disabled. Many systems fall under this frame, such as:
- Health system
- Civil service system
- Work system
- Disciplinary procedures system
- Legal pleading system
- Social insurance system
- Pension system
The Kingdom is also keen to abide by international legislation and agreements to ensure a decent life for people with special needs compared to others in other countries, and among the most prominent of these agreements and treaties are the international agreement and the Marrakesh Treaty.
The Kingdom guarantees protection from various kinds of abuse to people with disabilities by providing assistance and treatment. It works to provide necessary shelter, social, psychological, and health care. It shall also take the necessary legal measures to hold the perpetrators accountable and punish them. It is keen to spread awareness among community members about the concept of victimization and its implications. It works to address behavioral phenomena in society that indicate an appropriate environment for abuse cases, then find scientific and applied mechanisms to deal with abuse.
- The system of protection from abuse
The Kingdom takes into account the material and moral needs of people with disabilities and their families. It seeks to provide them with a comfortable life by meeting these needs, and the Kingdom has allocated many social care services:
An electronic service that enables people with disabilities who are registered with the Ministry and whose disability has been assessed to apply for a monthly financial aid according to the conditions and controls, namely:
- That the beneficiary must be registered with the Ministry, and the disability has been assessed.
- That the disability is classified in the financial aid program for people with disabilities.
- That the total monthly income of the beneficiary does not exceed 4000 riyals.
- That the beneficiary must not exceed six months during the year regarding the expenses of government facilities for health or rehabilitation.
- That the beneficiary must be a permanent resident of the Kingdom.
- That the beneficiary should not be one of the beneficiaries of the accommodation services at the Ministry's centers.
- That the age of the beneficiary at the time of the disability occurrence should not exceed 45 years.
The service of assessing the disability is an electronic facility. It enables people with disabilities to register their data, update their status, and request benefits. The service cultivates the data of people with disabilities to make them recognized beneficiaries in the Ministry. To benefit from this service, you can visit this page.
An electronic service that enables persons with disabilities registered with the Ministry and whose disability has been assessed to apply for financial aid for special medical devices for people with disabilities according to the conditions and controls.
The Kingdom provides home health care services for people with disabilities and senior older adults who meet the conditions. They can apply for this service electronically through the Human Resources and Social Development website.
- Medical Rehabilitation Hospital at King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh.
- Medical Rehabilitation Hospital in Medina.
- Medical Rehabilitation Center at King Khalid Hospital in Hail.
- The Medical Rehabilitation Center at Al-Qunfudhah Hospital.
- Medical Rehabilitation Center at King Faisal Hospital in Taif.
- Medical Rehabilitation Center at King Fahd Hospital in Hofuf.
- Medical Rehabilitation Center at Qurayyat General Hospital.
- The Medical Rehabilitation Center in King Saud Medical City in Riyadh.
- The Medical Rehabilitation Center at King Khalid General Hospital in Hafar Al-Batin Governorate.
Among the regulations the Ministry of Health applies when treating cases of people with disabilities:
- Providing preventive and rehabilitative services, including preventive genetic counseling, conducting various laboratory tests and analyzes for early detection of diseases, and taking the necessary precautions.
- Medical rehabilitation services such as physical and occupational therapy, prosthetic prostheses and prosthetic devices, and treatment of speech and hearing disorders.
- Training the families of persons with disabilities on how to care of them.
- Support offices to provide logistics services for persons with disabilities and older persons in health facilities.
- The Kingdom launched the e-diagnosis system to serve people with disabilities, made available via the Sehha e-platform, which electronically registers people with disabilities, automate all applicable procedures in order to allow the issuance of discount and transport accessibility cards and ensure the accuracy of information in order to facilitate services for disabled people.
AlMaarefa University is committed to promoting equality and providing an environment where all members of its community are treated with respect and dignity. We are committed to seeking to employ a workforce and educate a student body that reflects the diverse community we serve. The Equality Act (2010) helps by providing a legal framework to protect people from discrimination, harassment and victimization in the workplace and wider society.
As a Higher Education Institution, we have specific equality duties that also require us to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity and foster good relations. It is also our responsibility to publish equality information (data) on an annual basis, and review and publish specific and measurable equality objectives every four years.
UM are committed to providing equality of opportunity and will work to ensure that all of our staff, students and visitors, as well as those that seek to apply to work or study with us are treated fairly and are not subjected to unlawful discrimination by the University on the basis of (their protected characteristic):
The policy is applicable to all staff (which includes for the purposes of this policy and for ease of reference, consultants, contractors, volunteers, casual workers and agency workers), students and applicants to work or study at the University. The principles of non-discrimination and equality of opportunity also apply to the way in which staff and students should treat each other, visitors, contractors, service providers, suppliers and any other persons associated with the functions of the University.
The University’s aim is to promote equality of opportunity for all, through the following objectives:
· Assessing the impact on equality in our policies, procedures and practices
· Having an effective data monitoring and analysis process
· Involving staff, students and other stakeholders in the development and delivery of our equality objectives;
· Promoting equality, diversity and inclusion through internal and external communications;
· Ensuring that managers and staff take part in equality training and in particular those who have responsibility for recruitment and selection.
· Ensuring staff and university student support services are, as far as reasonably possible, accessible to all;
· Ensuring that both existing staff and students, as well as those who seek to apply to work and study with us, are treated fairly and are judged solely on merit and by reference to their skills and abilities;
· Ensuring that staff, students and their representatives are provided with appropriate forums to discuss equality, diversity and inclusion issues and raise any concerns;
· Ensuring that all contractors and service providers operating on behalf of the University are aware of this policy and are expected to adhere to it;
· Complying with its legal obligations
A failure to comply with the principles set out in this policy may be considered to be a disciplinary offence, and will be addressed through the relevant procedures.
The University will take any cases of discrimination, harassment, bullying or victimisation very seriously. Any member of staff or student found guilty of unlawful discrimination or harassment will be subject to disciplinary action. Appropriate action will be taken where possible if any member of the public, visitor or service provider involved in discrimination or harassment. Staff, students or other parties who make a complaint of discrimination have the right to do so without fear of victimisation, and the University will make every effort to ensure that any complaints are dealt with promptly and fairly.
Almaarefa University admits qualified students of any age, gende
Almaarefa University is committed and fully supports the principles of equality and diversity in employment. We believe as part of that principle that all staff, regardless of age, disability, gender, race, religion
Each UM member will ensure that the principle of equal pay for university workers for work of equal value is applied. The university assures its staff members:
• Analytical scheme of job evaluation: With the purpose of making equitable salaries between men and women
• Work that is proved to be of equal value.
The Staff member will not be required to provide the same pay and benefits if it can prove that the difference in pay or benefits is genuinely due to a material factor that is not tainted by sex discrimination reason.
In order to put our commitment into practice UM will:
• Implement the current work being undertaken on the Framework Agreement which provides an opportunity to the University to update and reform the existing pay and grading structures, in partnership with the campus.
• Undertake a comprehensive Equal Pay Review in line with EOC Code of Practice for all current staff and starting pay for new staff (including those on maternity leave, career breaks, or non-standard contracts)
• Carry out regular Equal Pay reviews using published guidance to determine what further objectives are required to deal with continuing gender pay gaps
• Carry out regular monitoring of the impact of our pay practices and report progress at least every three years
• Inform employees of how these practices work and how their own pay is determined
• Provide training and guidance to managers and supervisory staff directly involved in decisions about pay and benefits
• Discuss and agree the equal pay policy with recognized campus, prior to University Court approval
The university, as part of the census that it makes in its Apply Form, has a Gender field in the personal information area, this with the purpose of regulating the number of applications of men and women to give equality in the acceptance of applicants. The university seeks always in its openings that there are 50% men and 50% women in principle to contribute to gender equality.
[En línea]. Available: https://www.my.gov.sa/wps/portal/snp/careaboutyou/RightsOfPeopleWithDisabilities.
[En línea]. Available: https://www.um.edu.sa/en/node/192.